Ghana is getting obsessed with the improved matric results while no attention is given to career guidance. Lack of career guidance in our schools is one of the major problems leading to high unemployment rates in the country and the continent as a whole. About 99.9% of West African Secondary School Certificate Examination(WASSCE) candidates have no idea what profession they will like go into and the appropriate program to study to attain that. Those days in my village school, we the “smart” ones will be like, I want to become a Bank manager, so I need to go study Business; it is true studying business in Senior High School can let you be a banker, but studying Pure Science can equally get you there too.
Despite losing days of learning due to strikes by teachers over issues of remuneration, one can safely say the 60+ percent pass rate every year reflects the level of commitment on the part of the matriculants, teachers and the Department of Basic Education of the Ghana Education Service.
However, a large number of learners will not be able to pursue their studies at institutions of higher learning due to lack of career guidance at schools. Proper career guidance would have assisted many of these students with early applications at universities and or further education and training colleges, selection of career paths at an early stage, and with more career options other than enrolling at these institutions. I strongly believe that proper career guidance would have at least made this situation manageable for learners and the institutions of higher learning.
Our education system should prepare the learners at least from Grade 7(JHS One) onwards when it comes to choosing career paths. In order to achieve this, the schools should dedicate the beginning of every year to career guidance or include it in the curriculum or better still enact career guidance as a course to be studies for at least a year. This will allow learners to select subjects that are in line with their future plans. Moreover, career guidance could go a long way in giving the learners the confidence to decide where they want to be in future. A week of Freshers Orientation is not enough.
In my encounters, I came across a number of matriculants who did not have a clue about their career ambitions. This does not paint a good picture for the entire country because it means that teachers do not prepare the learners for post-matric studies or they lack the capacity to offer career guidance to learners.
I recall one learner declaring that she does not intend furthering her education because she comes from an impoverished family. How many of these learners know the existence of the Students Loan Trust Fund (SLTF)? Is the Department of Tertiary Education and Training of the Ministry of Education doing enough to encourage matriculants to study at institutions of higher learning? Or the stake holders involved in management of the scheme is ashamed of how poor and corrupted they are in running it?The reality is, poverty should never stand in the way of matriculants while funding schemes like SLTF exist.
The SLTF should also benefit those matriculants who are currently sitting at home with nothing to do. While we encourage matriculants to study subjects such as Mathematics and Science, we should always remember that some of these matriculants have good marks in these subjects. In situations like this, the Department of Tertiary Education and Training of the Ministry of Education should take a stand and inform high school learners about the availability of bursaries and loans from government, the private sector and foreign funding agencies. Lack of information or access to information in rural areas has also been a contributing factor. How many of the rural areas in have libraries?
More so, institutions like the Technical, Vocational, Nursing and Teacher Training, Professional(ICAG,CIMG,GIB etc) colleges should also encourage learners to enroll with them in order to reduce the influx of learners to the universities. Learners need to be made aware that these colleges also offer programmes that could drive the growth of our economy. These programmes, which most of them are referred to as ‘scarce skills’, have the potential to equip them with the necessary skills to drive the economic growth of this country in future. This will help turn Ghana into a country which will no longer import skilled professionals.
Life Orientation teachers should take up the duty of career guidance. In addition, the government should deploy career counsellors to schools to offer career guidance to learners on a full-time basis. If government cannot afford employing career counsellors, it is best to have at least one career centre that will cater for schools in a specific region. In order to realise this, government should collaborate with communities, the private sector, civil society organisations and other stakeholders.
Standing together as a nation in navigating the right education for the careers of our learners could help build a country free from social ills such as poverty, unemployment and crime. Together we can make Ghana and the African continent is better place to live.
You can take a career test on http://www.yourcareertest.com.